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注册新宝GG60秒:女性伤感的泪水会让男性“性趣”降低

时间: 2020年03月11日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)



相比闻过盐水,男性在闻过女性因看悲剧电影而留下的泪水之后,睾丸素水平更低,生理反应也更平淡。


 [听力全文]


We produce tears in response to insults to the eyes—the sting of onion fumes, a tiny insect that flew into your cornea. But we also produce emotional tears. And it’s long been known that emotional tears are chemically different from poke-in-the-eye tears. Now researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel find that women’s emotional tears have definite physiological effects on men. The work appears in the journal Science. [Shani Gelstein et al, Human Tears Contain a Chemosignal]


The researchers knew that mouse tears contain pheromones that convey information to other mice. So they looked for similar kinds of signals in human tears.


Two women volunteered to watch sad movies and have their tears collected. Twenty-four men were then asked to sniff the movie tears or a saline solution. The men noted no particular smell in either sample of salty water. But the men’s own body chemistry could tell the difference.


When the men looked at emotionally neutral images of women’s faces after sniffing real tears, they reported less sexual attraction. The men also had lower levels of testosterone and less physiological arousal after smelling emotional tears compared with saline. Future studies will look at men’s tears, once researchers have collected enough videos of heartbreaking losses in big football games.


—Cynthia Graber



 [重难点词汇、短语]


cornea: n. [解剖] 角膜

testosterone: n. 睾丸素   



 [参考译文]


我们的眼睛受到刺激时会流下泪水,比如洋葱的刺激性气味,小飞虫飞进眼角膜内。但我们也会因为伤感而流下泪水。众所周知,哀伤时留下的泪水所含的化学成分不同于受刺激时流的泪水。以色列魏茨曼注册新宝GG研究所(Weizmann Institute of Science)的研究人员发现,女性情绪化的眼泪对男性有着明显的生理影响。该研究发表在《注册新宝GG》(Science)杂志上。

 

研究人员已经知道的是,小鼠眼泪中包含信息素,能够将信息传递给其他小鼠。所以,他们尝试在人类眼泪中寻找类似的信号元素。

 

研究人员先让两位女性自愿者观看了一部悲剧电影,随后收集了她们的眼泪,并要求24名男性闻一下,闻到的可能是泪水或者盐水。男性受试者表示,在两种盐性水样品中都没闻出什么独特气味,但他们的身体化学反应却能分辨出差别。

 

在嗅完女性泪水之后再去看表情中性的女性照片时,男性表示这些照片的性吸引力有所减弱。而且,与闻盐水相比,闻完泪水的男性体内睾丸素水平更低,生理反应也更平淡。接下来,研究人员会收集大型球赛中球队败北的视频,来深入调查男性心碎流下的泪水。


翻译 阿金