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注册新宝GG60秒:想要在无形中吃得更少?

时间: 2020年05月07日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)




图片来源:Unsplash



 [听力全文]


In lab tests, music and lighting can affect how much people eat. Now a study has found that changing the ambiance of a fast food restaurant to more of a fine-dining atmosphere lessened the amount of food people crammed into their pie holes. To quote the paper, “softening the lighting and music led people to eat less, to rate the food as more enjoyable, and to spend just as much.”


That last finding means that fast food joints, which are accused of contributing to the obesity epidemic, might actually try it. The study was led by well-known eating behaviorist Brian Wansink from Cornell University and appears in the journal Psychological Reports. [Brian Wansink and Koert van Ittersum, Fast Food Restaurant Lighting and Music Can Reduce Calorie Intake and Increase Satisfaction]


The researchers converted part of a Hardee’s so that it had soft lighting and slow jazz instrumentals. The patrons were expected to possibly eat more in the relaxed section, because they’d linger, maybe get dessert. But they actually averaged 18 percent fewer calories per meal than the folks in the rowdy section—down from an average of 949 calories to 775. The overall experience appears to have been a more satisfying meal. Even if there was less of it.


—Steve Mirsky



 [重难点词汇、短语]


ambiance: n. 氛围;环境音效

cram: v. 填满,塞满;死记硬背;(人)猛吃 / n.死记硬背;极度拥挤

patron: n. 赞助人;顾客

linger: vi. 徘徊;苟延残喘;磨蹭 / vt. 消磨;缓慢度过

rowdy: adj. 闹哄哄的



 [参考译文]


在实验室测试中,音乐和灯光会影响人们的进食量。一项研究发现 ,快餐店的环境和音效如果变得更加精致,人们往嘴里塞进食物的数量就会减少。引用文章中的话就是:“柔和的灯光和音乐让人们吃得更少,更享受食物的味道,消费的金额却能保持不变。”


这一发现意味着,那些被冠以肥胖流行“罪魁祸首”污名的快餐连锁店或许能试试这种做法。该研究由康奈尔大学(Cornell University)著名的饮食行为学家布莱恩·万辛克(Brian Wansink)领导,结果发表在《心理学报告》(Psychological Reports)杂志上。

  

研究人员改造了一家哈迪斯快餐(Hardee's):在店内的一个区域里布置里柔和的灯光,播放上舒缓的爵士乐。在预想中,顾客会在这个“休闲区”吃得更多,因为他们会愿意多待会儿,可能再来份甜品。但实际上,他们每顿饭摄入的平均热量比在“吵闹区”吃饭的人要少18%,也就是从平均每顿949卡路里降到了775。顾客整体的体验似乎也更满意,即使他们实际吃得更少了。


翻译 汐远