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注册新宝GG60秒:爱锻炼的老板对下属也更nice

时间: 2020年07月22日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)


 [听力全文]


We've all heard exercise is good for your physical and mental well-being. But a good workout can actually influence the mental well-being of others, too. Because bosses who hit the gym tend to be less abusive to their employees. That's according to a study in the Journal of Business and Psychology. [James P. Burton, Jenny M. Hoobler and Melinda L. Scheuer, "Supervisor Workplace Stress and Abusive Supervision: The Buffering Effect of Exercise"]


Researchers asked 98 MBA students who were also employed full-time to rate how their supervisors treated them, by responding to statements like "[my boss] puts me down in front of others." The researchers also had supervisors fill out a different survey, about their stress levels and weekly exercise. And, as the authors expected, the more stressed-out supervisors were, the more their employees felt belittled by them. But the employees felt better about bosses who exercised, whether it was yoga, cardio or weight lifting. And just one or two days a week did the trick.


Exercise didn't simply melt away the stress—bosses who worked out reported feeling just as much pressure as their sedentary counterparts. Active bosses just spared subordinates the verbal attacks. So next time you feel like telling your boss to take a hike, it might actually be sound advice!


—Christopher Intagliata



 [重难点词汇、短语]


belittle: vt. 轻视,贬低

sedentary: adj. 久坐的,坐惯的

subordinate: n. 下属 



 [参考译文]


我们知道锻炼有益身心健康,但实际上,积极的锻炼也能影响他人的心理健康。因为依据一项发表在《商业与心理学杂志》(Journal of Business and Psychology)上的研究,常去健身房的老板更少辱骂自己的员工。


研究人员招募了98名全职受雇的MBA学生,让他们评判问卷上的表述,比如“(我的老板)经常当着其他人的面贬低我”,以此来评价上司对自己的态度。研究人员还请他们的上司填写来另一份调查问卷,内容则关于他们的压力水平和每周的锻炼情况。正如论文作者所预料,上司压力越大,他们手下的员工就越感到被贬低。但是,对于那些经常锻炼的老板,无论是瑜伽、有氧运动或是举铁,员工的感觉却好很多,而且一周只要锻炼一两天就能产生这样的效果。


锻炼并不是简单地消除了压力,因为经常锻炼的老板报告的压力程度和不锻炼的老板相同。积极运动的老板会避免对下属口头攻击,所以,下次你想要跟老板提议出去徒步时,实际上非常明智。


翻译 阿金